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What Does It Mean to Exfoliate? Why You Should and How to Start

What Does It Mean to Exfoliate? Why You Should and How to Start

Exfoliating is the method of removing dead skin cells from the surface of your skin using a chemical, abrasive substance, or 
exfoliation tool.

Your skin naturally exfoliates dead skin cells to create space for 
brand new cells each thirty days.

Sometimes, dead cells don’t shed completely. This can lead to dry, 
flaky patches and clogged pores otherwise known as acne. 
Exfoliating can help prevent this.

Unsure where to start?

Read on to learn more about the benefits, differences between 
physical and chemical exfoliation, where your skin type comes in, 
and more.

Exfoliating will improve the beauty and looks of your skin in many ways.

According to the Yankee Academy of medical specialty, exfoliation will leave your skin smooth, soften, brighter and improve the effectiveness of topical skincare merchandise by enhancing absorption.

Regular exfoliation may facilitate stop clogged pores, leading to 
fewer breakouts.

Long-term scrubbing can increase collagen production. Collagen 
or connective tissue is a key to glowing and vibrant skin.
The  active ingredients in the individual recipe of a body scrub 
conjointly improve and promotes skin cells regeneration, reducing 
the looks of fine stretches and connected drooping.

Any exfoliating beauty care product or technique that requires 
manual scouring or rubbing is known as physical exfoliant.

You may already be using a physical exfoliants such as cleansing 
scrubs, body brushes, and loofahs are all common methods.

The main advantage of physical exfoliation is the ease of access. 
You can do this while at home with as little as a muslin washcloth or DIY scrub. It also gives quick results.

If carried out incorrectly, physical exfoliation can sometimes 
irritate your skin and may result in transepidermal water loss.

Following up with a substance like oil or body fluid will facilitate 
the process and minimize irritation and lock in wetness.


There are a few abrasive materials to choose from for manual 
exfoliation, including:

  • cleansing scrubs
  • exfoliating mitts
  • dry brushes
  • loofahs
  • pumice stones
  • micro-needling or micro derma rollers

DIY scrubs

It is possible you  have already got all the ingredients you would 
like to create an excellent DIY scrub in your room.

Sugar and milk, for example, contain acids that can help exfoliate 
your skin. When used locally, coffee may offer protective 
antioxidant properties and promote connetive tissues production.

Research also showed that manuka honey can aid in wound 

Want to try it out?

Here are two easy DIY scrub recipes for your face and body:

Coffee facial scrub

What you’ll need:

  • ½ cup coffee grounds
  • 1 cup brown sugar
  • 2 tsp. milk or buttermilk
  • 1 tsp. honey

What to do:

Add all ingredients to the container that is covered and stir well.
Gently wash or wet your face with lukewarm water using clean 

Exfoliate over your face and neck, avoiding your eyes.
Wet your hands and begin gently rubbing the mixture into your 
skin in a small circular motion. Continue for 3-4 minutes. Rinse off using lukewarm water and pat dry.

Store any scrub that is left in the fridge.

Brown sugar body scrub

What you’ll need:

  • ½ cup coconut oil
  • ¼ cup honey
  • ½ cup brown sugar
  • 3 tbsp. ground oatmeal
What to do:

Stir together coconut oil and honey.
Add brown sugar and oatmeal. Stir until you’re left with a thick 

After wetting your skin, gently rub the mixture on your body.
Rinse and pat dry.

How to choose products

Your over-the-counter (OTC) options are endless. There are scrubs 
for your face, body, and feet. You can conjointly realize choices for various skin sorts.

Here are some things to stay in mind once choosing a product:
Check the scope. You should never use a scrub meant for your body on your face. Body scrubs are typically harsher and should tear delicate tissues of the skin.

Use one product at a time. Although it may be tempting to buy a 
full set of products, you shouldn’t use more than one exfoliant at a 
time. Using multiple exfoliating merchandise on identical space of 
skin will harm the skin and lead to unwanted aspect effects.

Switch products out. You may cycle through completely 
different times as your skincare desires modification. For example: 

If your skin has become oily, consider using a product with 

This method uses different chemicals, including hydroxy acids and 
retinol, with enzymes to renew your skin.

While DIY and unlisted scrubs will facilitate and also enhance 
your skin’s look, chemical exfoliation can offer more dramatic 

As with physical exfoliation, chemical exfoliation can irritate the skin if done incorrectly. If you’re unsure regarding a way to
incorporate a chemical product into your routine, see a medical 
specialist or alternative attention supplier for medical advice.

Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs)

AHAs area unit a bunch of soluble acids which is usually gotten 
from sugar-coated fruits.

 Popular AHAs include:

• glycolic acid, which comes from sugar cane

• lactic acid, which is found in milk and pickled vegetables

• citric acid, which is found in citrus fruits

• tartaric acid,  which is found from grapes

• malic acid,  derived in apples

These acids exfoliate the surface of your skin. So new, a lot of 
equally pigmented skin cells could generate and replace their place.

Depending on the type, AHAs may also help with:

• mild hyperpigmentation like age spots, melasma, and scars 

• enlarged pores, fine lines and surface wrinkles

• uneven skin tone

Beta Hydroxy Acids (BHAs)

BHAs, on the other hand, are oil-soluble. These acids pass into 
your hair follicles to dry out excess oils and dead skin cells to free 
your skin pores.

Because of this, BHA products are primarily used to treat acne and 
sun damage.

Salicylic acid is the most common BHA. It is known as a good 
skin disease treatment, but it can also improve general redness 
and inflammation.


Retinoids are a class of medicines derived from vitamin A. They’re 
used to moisturize and  soothe sun-damaged skin, minimize signs 
of aging, and treat acne.

They work by protecting your skin from the effects of free radicals 
and promoting collagen tissue production.

There are several topical retinoids available, and they include:

• retinol

• adapalene

• alitretinoin

• tretinoin

• bexarotene

• tazarotene

Retinoids differ in concentration. If OTC options aren’t working, 
talk to a dermatologist. They may be more than ready to order a 
stronger formula.

Choosing the correct exfoliating technique for your skin kind can reduce the risk of skin  irritation and assist you win the simplest attainable result.

Sensitive Skin

If your skin typically allergic to or is otherwise irritated when it comes in contact with new product, it is considered sensitive. BHA 
used to be less irritating than other chemical or physical exfoliants.

Sometimes, sensitive skin is a symptom of an underlying conditionYou should advisably consult a specialist or different 
health care supplier before you begin to use new product if you 
have skin conditions like skin rashes and acne.

Normal Skin

Normal skin is healthy skin and not easily irritated. Many people 
who have “normal” skin notice that they will attempt any 
exfoliating technique or product while not experiencing adverse 
effects. It ultimately comes down to personal preference.

Dry Skin

Dry skin is sometimes scaly and rough. AHAs like acid will break 
through the surface layer of your skin,  allowing your moisturizer 
to penetrate and hydrate your new skin cells.

Oily Skin

Oily skin looks shiny and feels greasy. People with oily skin can 
use stronger chemical and physical exfoliators, like exfoliating 
brushes. Store-bought and DIY scrubs may additionally, be a 
good choice.

Combination Skin

Combination skin can be explained as a mixture of oily and dry 
skin. You should specialize or know how to both products.

For example, you'll be ready to use a chemical exfoliator or scrub 
on oily areas in the future and a low-level AHA on dry areas may 
be the following day.

Acne-prone Skin

If you’re prone to breakouts or have mild-to-moderate skin 
condition, search around for products containing retinoids, 
salicylic acid, or glycolic acid.

Here are the answers to some common questions about exfoliating.
When should I exfoliate?

It all comes down to personal preference and your daily routine.
For example, if you find your skin looks dull in the morning, 
exfoliating before you start your day may be beneficial. On the 
opposite hand, exfoliating at night can help remove any lingering 
makeup or other debris.

If you utilize a medicated product for a skin condition, you should 
find out the time between that product and exfoliating.

Avoid exfoliating if you have got cuts, wound, burn, or open sores 
on your skin.

How often should I exfoliate?

If you have got oily skin, you'll be able to exfoliate your skin. This may be daily, every other day, or less frequent. Advisably 2-3 days 
a week.

For all skin types, you should limit at-home exfoliating to once or 
twice a week.

What do I do if I have a bad reaction?

If it can be possible, wash off the product from your skin using 
lukewarm water and mild cleanser.

You should avoid using a beauty care makeup without a patch test or consulting your doctor.

Taking an OTC antihistamine may help relieve redness and itching.
Seek emergency medical attention if you begin to experience 
severe symptoms of allergic reaction.

 This includes:

shortness of breath, tongue, throat, or facial swelling, tightness in 
your lungs and chest pain.

What’s the deal with microbeads?

Microbeads are like tiny plastics which can be a good ingredient in exfoliating scrubs. After much debate, many states have now 
banned the use of microbeads because they go down the drain and 
contaminate the water supply.

Can I use a body-specific product on my face and vice versa?
You should not use. Scrubs and different exfoliating product 
designed for your body tend to be more abrasive than product designed for your face.

Your skin tissues on the face are a lot of delicate than the skin tissues on your arms and legs. Using such a product to exfoliate 
your face can result in cuts and other irritation.

Using a facial exfoliator on your body most likely won’t cause any 
hurt, but the formula may not be strong enough to produce the 
results you’re looking for.

This depends on your individual skincare demand and what you’re 
hoping to get out of exfoliating. A certified dermatologist can help you choose the best method or product for your skin.

Professional exfoliation methods include:

Body scrubs. Professional scrubs usually contain totally different materials than unlisted versions.

Chemical peels

 The key difference between home and professional body scrubs is the acid concentration. 

Professional body scrubs are stronger and therefore, they should be 
used at a low amount for optimum result.


Your provider will use a scalpel blade to remove dead skin and 
baby hairs from your face and neck.


 Your provider will use fine crystals or a special rough-tipped tool 
to exfoliate the skin and a vacuum to remove dead skin cells.


We hope that this post was of excellent help for you in 
understanding the meaning of exfoliation, how to choose the 
perfect exfoliating materials and ingredients.

We would love listening to your views about how to exfoliate your skin. are you going to start with chemical, or mechanical? 

Either one let us hear your views in the comment section below.


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